Velešín Castle

Velešín Castle is located directly opposite the town of Velešín, with which it has always had the closest relations. It was not until 1978 that this connection was forcibly severed by the construction of a drinking water reservoir. Nowadays, the castle is accessible from the village of Sedlce in the České Budějovice district. The castle was one of the first stone castles in the Czech Kingdom. It was probably founded on the edge of the border forest by King Wenceslas I around 1230, then briefly passed into the hands of Čéč of Budivojice and then Benes the Proud, the founder of the family of the lords of Michalovice and Velešín. In 1387 it was acquired by the Rožmberks, who destroyed and abandoned it in 1487. The castle is interesting thanks to the hermitage chapel, which was built about 70 years after the castle's demise, and the shaft of unknown purpose, which contained a large tower. Today, the castle is mainly used for nature trips and unique views across the waters of the reservoir.
From history to the present on a timeline

Around 1230

Založení hradu králem Václavem I.


Čeč of Velešín and his wife Gisla, daughter of Hadmar of Kuenring, donate the village of Reinprechts to the monastery in Zwettl.


The Death of Gisly of Kuenring

Around 1270

Přemysl Otakar II grants Velešín as a manor to Benes Pyšný.

Around 1275

King Přemysl Otakar II takes away the castle and manor of Velešín from Benes the Proud.

Around 1285

King Václav II returns Velešín and its estate to Benes' son Jan of Michalovice.


Jan of Michalovice the highest waiter.


Jan of Michalovice promotes myths to the Monastery of the Holy Crown.


The son of Jan Benes of Michalovice confirms the right to the monastery of Svatá Koruna.


Jan of Michalovice's wife Johanna, daughter of Jindřich of Rožmberk, dies at the castle.


Jindřich of Velešín, son of Benes donates to the Monastery of the Holy Crown 100 groschen of Prague for the salvation of his soul.


Jindřich dies at Velešín Castle, buried in the Monastery of the Holy Crown.


The division of the Velešín manor between the three sons of Jan, Benes and Henry.


Benes pays both brothers out of the castle.


The brothers Beneš and Jan made Peter and Jošt of Rožmberk guardians of the castle and estate.


The only heiress Markéta, daughter of Benesov, entered the union with her uncle Petr from Michalovice, a descendant of Jan from Michalovice.


Only Petr of Michalovice has the castle and the manor.


Petr of Michalovice dies of the plague on his way to Vlach, and Těma of Koldice is appointed guardian.


The estate was taken over by Jan Michalec from Michalovice.


The castle and the manor are bought by Oldřich I. and Jindřich of Rožmberk for 3000 kopecks of Prague groschen.


King Václav IV dismisses the castle and the estate from the royal manor.


The attempted capture of the castle by the treacherous band of Matthias the Führer.


After the death of Jindřich of Rožmberk, Čeněk of Vartemberk was appointed guardian.


Martin Sova, a priest of the same name, comes to Velešín.


Oldřich II of Rožmberk, after his defeat in front of Tabor, switches from the under-army to the Catholic party and expels Martin Sova from Velešín.


To his sorrow, Petr of Krasejov confesses that Ocásek of Újezd and Martin of Velešín wanted to betray the castle to Žižek.


Jan Čapek's army raided the castle and, after negotiations at the castle, received 400 kopecks of Prague money as a ransom for negotiating a truce.


Oldřich of Rožmberk gives the castle to the widow of Peter of Šternberk, Perchta.


The ambush of Jan Smil of Křemže's retinue under the castle and the slaughter of his soldiers.


Vok of Rožmberk orders the castle to be abandoned.

Around 1550

A hermitage chapel was built on the ruins of the castle.

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